That is, the reasons for which the agent acts must match the reasons for action that there in fact are sufficiently well, although this match need not be perfect. Jerry tries to figure out a new big score.
It appears to arise in four main ways Nagel ; StatmanCohen introduces the notion of counterfactual choice. Critical reception[ edit ] Luck received positive reviews from television critics.
She claimed that every year for ten years, on the day she identified the body, she lost her voice. On this reading, considerations about luck serve, not to justify equality, but to select the appropriate egalitarian view from among the large family of views that ascribe intrinsic significance to equality.
Often it makes a crucial difference which items Y ranges over see Cohen25, 93; Price Of course, both these men may be her moral superiors, but, if they are, luck is supposed to have nothing to do with it.
If a person possesses a very dishonest character by luck, what feature of the person does luck reveal to us that non-luckily determines his moral status. As Arneson puts it: She adds, however, that the core of our thinking about morality is Aristotelian and that Aristotelians need not be troubled by cases of moral luck.
By prioritizing our work then blocking out time for those things that are most important to us, we begin to guard our time for activities that have a high impact. He claims the idea that morality is immune to luck is "basic to our ideas of morality" a, p.
Metaphorically speaking, the first is a matter of the cards one has been dealt, whereas the latter is a matter of how one chooses to play them. A successful account of luck must weave together these ideas about chance and control. Luck Offers an excuse.
There are several varieties of thin notions of luck. But luck that does—whether the interests are characterized in terms of welfare, resources, opportunities, capabilities to achieve functionings, or in some other way—certainly seems relevant.
The trouble is that there is nowhere further to retreat when we are at the level of moral character. A person who is offered proper incentives and plenty of time to deliberate may make a wiser decision than she would under less favorable conditions; it may be by accident that she finds herself in the favorable conditions and hence makes the wiser decision but see Pritchard— Thus, the problem posed by the Gauguin case is not simply, as Andre suggests, that there might be other sources of value than morality floating around.
For if what really drives egalitarians is the conviction that people should not be worse off than others as a result of causes for which they are not responsible, then, arguably, it follows that differential option luck is unjust.
That's what I've done. People who think that justice should neutralize the luck specified by 2 can disagree over these accounts. As a result, a scientist at GE ended up inventing a rubber-like substance that almost fit the bill, except not.
Nagel,59 b. You have so many associations from childhood that stay with you. Leaders who care about results appreciate an employee who takes a proactive approach to sharing their schedule and communicating their priorities.
In what ways have you learned to work smart, instead of just working hard. To see this, assume we are dealing with thick, control-based responsibility luck and imagine that a powerful egalitarian intervener dumps a shipload of fertilizer on the second island so that equality in the Robinson Crusoe-like setting is realized.
Suppose that Gauguin's decision to leave his family is morally unjustified. But, as Williams observes, we would think much less of the driver if he showed no regret at all, saying only "It's a terrible thing that has happened, but I did everything I could to avoid it.
Create a not-to-do-list Energy spent doing tasks that have little impact is a recipe for failure. Unfortunately, and unpredictably, the price of gas skyrockets and her preference becomes very costly.
These two sorts of difference are represented by two different thoughts: Thus an egalitarian may think that it is bad if people are unequally well off as a result of differential lottery luck even if he has not made up his mind whether people are responsible for differential lottery luck.
In he was arrested in the Kalamazoo-Battle Creek International Airport for selling drugs and subsequently did 2 years in jail. To me, the track is what the river was to Mark Twain. The claims of all these authors are controversial. Yet, it seems plausible to hold that the inequality that results from your exploiting my resistance to exploiting you is unjust Lippert-Rasmussen ; for a different, but, related problem, see Seligman.
Work smart, not hard is the most stupid cliche ever made up. Obviously the best strategy is to work smart AND hard. People take terrible shortcuts when the thought of “I don’t need to work this hard to achieve success, I just skip this and concentrate on smart tasks”.
1 a: a force that brings good fortune or adversity Luck was a big factor in the outcome. b: the events or circumstances that operate for or against an individual The loser muttered something about bad luck. Hard Work Quotes. A dream doesn't become reality through magic; it takes sweat, determination and hard work.
Colin Powell. Life, Work, Great, Luck, Life Is Hard. Football is like life - it requires perseverance, self-denial, hard work, sacrifice, dedication and respect for authority. I apologize for the following longish comment, but I find that while “Work Hard” is, prima facie, good advice, it is also too simplistic to be helpful.
And curiously, the “lucky ones” were the ones that put in a lot of hard work. They were the ones that always had their heads down pushing through. As I observed the “lucky ones,” and considered the “unlucky” results of my lame efforts, I changed my view on luck.
HARD LUCK with Wesley Snipes, Mario Van Peebbles and Cybill Shepherd. Not bad but I think its a little late coming. It feels like it should have been released at least six to seven years ago.Luck and hard work